12 Tenses in English Grammar with Examples

12 Tenses in English Grammar with Examples

English tenses can be helpful in learning English language from the scratch. There are three main types of tenses which gives an idea of the time when the incident mentioned in a statement takes place. With good knowledge of 12 English tenses, fluent English and flawless grammar is not too far away. The types of tenses are explained with examples and basic structure. This would provide a clear idea to understand the knowledge of English grammar and will be helpful in framing better sentences.

simple present tense

Simple Present Tense

Structure: Base verb (+ es/es for third person):

Example: 1) I play game every day. 2) He studies in school.

Present Continuous Tense

Structure: is/am/are + present participle:

Example: 1) I am playing game. 2) He is studying in college.

Present Perfect Tense

Structure: Has/have + past participle:

Example: I have finished my home work.

Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Structure: Has/have + been + present participle:

Example: 1) I have been finishing my home work for the last two hours.

2) He has been studying in school since his childhood.

simple past tense

Simple Past Tense

Structure: Verb+ed or irregular verb:

Example: 1) You played the game. 2) He read the newspaper.

Past Continuous Tense

Structure: Was/were + present participle:

Example: 1) I was reading newspaper. 2) He was going to Karachi.

Past Perfect Tense

Structure: Had + past participle:

Example: 1) I had finished my home work. 2) He had completed his task.

Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Structure: Had + been + past participle:

Example: 1) I had been finishing my home work for 50 minutes.

2) He had been playing game since morning.

simple future tense

Simple Future Tense

Structure: Will/shall+verb

Example: 1) I shall go to my home town. 2) He will complete his task.

Future Continuous Tense

Structure: Will be + present participle

Am/is/are + going to be + present participle:

Example: I will be watching the news at 9pm. / I am going to be watching the news at 9pm.

Future Perfect Tense

Structure: Will have + past participle

Am/is/are + going to have + past participle

Example: I will have  played the game. / I am going to have played the game.

Future Perfect Continuous Tense

Structure: Will have been + present participle

Am/is/are + going to have been + present participle:

Example: I will have been watching the news for over ten minutes before you join me. / I am going to have been watching the news for over ten minutes before you join me.

 

ENGLISH GRAMMAR TENSES TABLE

Explanation

PAST

PRESENT

FUTURE

Simple PastSimple PresentSimple Future
Action that takes place once, never or several timesHe played game every Sunday.He plays game every Sunday.He will / is going to play the game every Sunday.
Actions that happen one after anotherHe played game and then he took bath.He plays football and then he takes bath.He will play football and then he will take bath.
StateHe loved yoga.He loves  yoga.He will love yoga.

Past Continuous/

Past Progressive

Present Continuous/

Present Progressive

Future Continuous/ Future Progressive

Action going on at that momentHe was playing game.He is playing game.He will be playing game.
Actions that are taking place at same timeHe was playing game and she was watching TV.He is playing game and she is watching.He will be playing game and she will be watching TV.

Past Perfect Simple

Present Perfect Simple

Future Perfect Simple

Action taking place before a certain moment in time; shows completion/resultHe had won two matches until that day.He has won two matches so far.He will have won two matches by then.

Past Perfect Continuous

Present Perfect Continuous

Future Perfect Continuous

Action taking place before a certain moment in time and beyond that time, emphasizes on durationHe had been playing game for ten years.He has been playing game for ten years.He will have been playing game for ten years.