- 12 Tenses in English Grammar with Examples
- ENGLISH GRAMMAR TENSES TABLE
12 Tenses in English Grammar with Examples
English tenses can be helpful in learning English language from the scratch. There are three main types of tenses which gives an idea of the time when the incident mentioned in a statement takes place. With good knowledge of 12 English tenses, fluent English and flawless grammar is not too far away. The types of tenses are explained with examples and basic structure. This would provide a clear idea to understand the knowledge of English grammar and will be helpful in framing better sentences.
Simple Present Tense
Structure: Base verb (+ es/es for third person):
Example: 1) I play game every day. 2) He studies in school.
Present Continuous Tense
Structure: is/am/are + present participle:
Example: 1) I am playing game. 2) He is studying in college.
Present Perfect Tense
Structure: Has/have + past participle:
Example: I have finished my home work.
Present Perfect Continuous Tense
Structure: Has/have + been + present participle:
Example: 1) I have been finishing my home work for the last two hours.
2) He has been studying in school since his childhood.
Simple Past Tense
Structure: Verb+ed or irregular verb:
Example: 1) You played the game. 2) He read the newspaper.
Past Continuous Tense
Structure: Was/were + present participle:
Example: 1) I was reading newspaper. 2) He was going to Karachi.
Past Perfect Tense
Structure: Had + past participle:
Example: 1) I had finished my home work. 2) He had completed his task.
Past Perfect Continuous Tense
Structure: Had + been + past participle:
Example: 1) I had been finishing my home work for 50 minutes.
2) He had been playing game since morning.
Simple Future Tense
Example: 1) I shall go to my home town. 2) He will complete his task.
Future Continuous Tense
Structure: Will be + present participle
Am/is/are + going to be + present participle:
Example: I will be watching the news at 9pm. / I am going to be watching the news at 9pm.
Future Perfect Tense
Structure: Will have + past participle
Am/is/are + going to have + past participle
Example: I will have played the game. / I am going to have played the game.
Future Perfect Continuous Tense
Structure: Will have been + present participle
Am/is/are + going to have been + present participle:
Example: I will have been watching the news for over ten minutes before you join me. / I am going to have been watching the news for over ten minutes before you join me.
ENGLISH GRAMMAR TENSES TABLE
|Simple Past||Simple Present||Simple Future|
|Action that takes place once, never or several times||He played game every Sunday.||He plays game every Sunday.||He will / is going to play the game every Sunday.|
|Actions that happen one after another||He played game and then he took bath.||He plays football and then he takes bath.||He will play football and then he will take bath.|
|State||He loved yoga.||He loves yoga.||He will love yoga.|
Future Continuous/ Future Progressive
|Action going on at that moment||He was playing game.||He is playing game.||He will be playing game.|
|Actions that are taking place at same time||He was playing game and she was watching TV.||He is playing game and she is watching.||He will be playing game and she will be watching TV.|
Past Perfect Simple
Present Perfect Simple
Future Perfect Simple
|Action taking place before a certain moment in time; shows completion/result||He had won two matches until that day.||He has won two matches so far.||He will have won two matches by then.|
Past Perfect Continuous
Present Perfect Continuous
Future Perfect Continuous
|Action taking place before a certain moment in time and beyond that time, emphasizes on duration||He had been playing game for ten years.||He has been playing game for ten years.||He will have been playing game for ten years.|