Tenses Chart & Table

The table below shows a chart of tenses in English. The structure and example of each tense is also given to construct the grammatically correct sentence.

Tenses Structure / Formula Examples
Simple Past Affirmative S+V2+… He read a book yesterday.
Simple Past Negative S+Did+not+V1+… He did not read a book yesterday.
Simple Past Questions Did+S+V1+…+? Did he read a book yesterday?
Simple Present Affirmative S+V1+‘s’ or ‘es’+ … He reads a book daily.
Simple Present Negative S+Do/Does+not+V1+… He does not read a book daily.
Simple Present Questions Do/Does+S+V1+…+? Does he read a book daily?
Simple Future Affirmative Will/Shall+V1+… He will read a book tomorrow.
Simple Future Negative S+Will/Shall+not+V1+… He will not read a book tomorrow.
Simple Future Questions Will/Shall+S+V1+…+? Will he read a book tomorrow?
Past Progressive Affirmative S+was/were + (V1+ ‘ing’)+… He was reading a book yesterday.
Past Progressive Negative S+was/were + not+ (V1+ ‘ing’)+… He was not reading a book yesterday.
Past Progressive Question Was/were+S+ (V1+ ‘ing’)+…+? Was he reading a book yesterday?
Present Progressive Affirmative S+is/am/are + (V1+ ‘ing’)+… He is reading a book.
Present Progressive Negative S+is/am/are + not+ (V1+ ‘ing’)+… He is not reading a book.
Present Progressive Question Is/am/are +S+ (V1+ ‘ing’)+…+? Is he reading a book?
Future Progressive Affirmative S+Will/Shall+ be+ (V1+’ing’)+… He will be reading a book tomorrow.
Future Progressive Negative S+Will/Shall + not+ be+(V1+’ing’)+… He will not be reading a book tomorrow.
Future Progressive Question Will/Shall+S+ be+(V1+’ing’)+…+? Will he be reading a book tomorrow?
Past Perfect Affirmative S+Had + V3+… He had read a book.
Past Perfect Negative S+Had+not+V3+… He had not read a book.
Past Perfect Question Had+S+V3+…+? Had he read a book?
Present Perfect Affirmative S+has/have+V3+… He has read a book.
Present Perfect Negative S+Has/have+not+V3+… He has not read a book.
Present Perfect Question Has/have+S+V3+…+? Has he read a book?
Future Perfect Affirmative S+Will/Shall have +V3+… He will have read a book.
Future Perfect Negative S+Will/Shall+not+ have +V3+… He will not have read a book.
Future Perfect Question Will/Shall+S+have +V3+…+? Will he have read a book?
Past Perfect Progressive Affirmative S+had+been + (V1+ing)+… He had been reading a book since morning.
Past Perfect Progressive Negative S+had+not+been +(V1+ing)+… He had not been reading a book since morning.
Past Perfect Progressive Question Had +S+been+ (V1+ing)+…+? Had he been reading a book since morning?
Present Perfect Progressive Affirmative S+has/have+been+ (V1+ing)+… He has been reading a book since morning.
Present Perfect Progressive Negative S+has/have +not+ been + (V1+ing)+… He has not been reading a book since morning.
Present Perfect Progressive Question Has/have+S+been + (V1+ing)+…+? Has he been reading a book since morning?
Future Perfect Progressive Affirmative S+will/shall have + been+(V1+ing)+… He will have been reading a book since morning.
Future Perfect Progressive Negative S+will/shall+not+have +been+(V1+ing)+… He will not have been reading a book since morning.
Future Perfect Progressive Question  Will/shall+S+have+ been+(V1+ing)+…+? Will he have been reading a book since morning?

S = Subject

V1 (1st form of verb) = Base Form

V2 (1nd form of verb) = Past

V3 (3r form of verb) = Past Participle

… = Rest of the sentence

Read also: Verb tenses explained with examples

Tenses Chart with examples
Tenses Chart with examples