Tenses Chart & Table

The table below shows a chart of tenses in English. The structure and example of each tense is also given to construct the grammatically correct sentence.

TensesStructure / FormulaExamples
Simple Past AffirmativeS+V2+…He read a book yesterday.
Simple Past NegativeS+Did+not+V1+…He did not read a book yesterday.
Simple Past QuestionsDid+S+V1+…+?Did he read a book yesterday?
Simple Present AffirmativeS+V1+‘s’ or ‘es’+ …He reads a book daily.
Simple Present NegativeS+Do/Does+not+V1+…He does not read a book daily.
Simple Present QuestionsDo/Does+S+V1+…+?Does he read a book daily?
Simple Future AffirmativeWill/Shall+V1+…He will read a book tomorrow.
Simple Future NegativeS+Will/Shall+not+V1+…He will not read a book tomorrow.
Simple Future QuestionsWill/Shall+S+V1+…+?Will he read a book tomorrow?
Past Progressive AffirmativeS+was/were +
(V1+ ‘ing’)+…
He was reading a book yesterday.
Past Progressive NegativeS+was/were + not+
(V1+ ‘ing’)+…
He was not reading a book yesterday.
Past Progressive QuestionWas/were+S+
(V1+ ‘ing’)+…+?
Was he reading a book yesterday?
Present Progressive AffirmativeS+is/am/are +
(V1+ ‘ing’)+…
He is reading a book.
Present Progressive NegativeS+is/am/are + not+
(V1+ ‘ing’)+…
He is not reading a book.
Present Progressive QuestionIs/am/are +S+
(V1+ ‘ing’)+…+?
Is he reading a book?
Future Progressive AffirmativeS+Will/Shall+ be+ (V1+’ing’)+…He will be reading a book tomorrow.
Future Progressive NegativeS+Will/Shall + not+ be+(V1+’ing’)+…He will not be reading a book tomorrow.
Future Progressive QuestionWill/Shall+S+ be+(V1+’ing’)+…+?Will he be reading a book tomorrow?
Past Perfect AffirmativeS+Had + V3+…He had read a book.
Past Perfect NegativeS+Had+not+V3+…He had not read a book.
Past Perfect QuestionHad+S+V3+…+?Had he read a book?
Present Perfect AffirmativeS+has/have+V3+…He has read a book.
Present Perfect NegativeS+Has/have+not+V3+…He has not read a book.
Present Perfect QuestionHas/have+S+V3+…+?Has he read a book?
Future Perfect AffirmativeS+Will/Shall have +V3+…He will have read a book.
Future Perfect NegativeS+Will/Shall+not+
have +V3+…
He will not have read a book.
Future Perfect QuestionWill/Shall+S+have +V3+…+?Will he have read a book?
Past Perfect Progressive AffirmativeS+had+been + (V1+ing)+…He had been reading a book since morning.
Past Perfect Progressive NegativeS+had+not+been +(V1+ing)+…He had not been reading a book since morning.
Past Perfect Progressive QuestionHad +S+been+ (V1+ing)+…+?Had he been reading a book since morning?
Present Perfect Progressive AffirmativeS+has/have+been+ (V1+ing)+…He has been reading a book since morning.
Present Perfect Progressive NegativeS+has/have +not+ been + (V1+ing)+…He has not been reading a book since morning.
Present Perfect Progressive QuestionHas/have+S+been + (V1+ing)+…+?Has he been reading a book since morning?
Future Perfect Progressive AffirmativeS+will/shall have + been+(V1+ing)+…He will have been reading a book since morning.
Future Perfect Progressive NegativeS+will/shall+not+have +been+(V1+ing)+…He will not have been reading a book since morning.
Future Perfect Progressive Question Will/shall+S+have+ been+(V1+ing)+…+?Will he have been reading a book since morning?

S = Subject

V1 (1st form of verb) = Base Form

V2 (1nd form of verb) = Past

V3 (3r form of verb) = Past Participle

… = Rest of the sentence

Read also: Verb tenses explained with examples

Tenses chart and table with examples