16 Tenses in English Grammar (Formula and Examples)

Verb Tenses are different forms of verbs describing something happened in the past, happening at present or will happen in the future. By expanding these three forms, you will learn 16 tenses in all.

There are three main types of verb tenses past, present and future.

PRESENT TENSE

Present tense shows the current action that is going to be performed. It has four types which are briefly described here.

1. Simple Present Tense

Structure:

Subject + Verb (vI) + es/es

Examples: 

  1. I take exercise daily.
  2. She reads book in library.

Simple Present Tense Examples & Exercise

2. Present Continuous Tense

Structure: 

Subject + is/am/are + Verb(+ing)

Example: 

  1. He is playing football.
  2. I am studying in a high school.

Present Continuous Tense Exercise, Formula and Usage

3. Present Perfect Tense

Structure:

Subject + Has/have + Verb (v3)

Example:

  1. He has made this colorful chart.
  2. I have completed my assignment.

View: Present Perfect Tense Exercise, Formula and Usage

4. Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Structure: 

Subject + Has/have + been + Verb(+ing)

Example: 

  1. I have been completing my assignment for the last three days.
  2. She has been working in this department since 2017.

PAST TENSE

Past tense expresses the actions that happened in the past. It has also four types.

5. Simple Past Tense

Structure: 

Subject + Verb (v2) or irregular verb:

Example:

  1.  He completed the assignment.
  2. I read the newspaper.

6. Past Continuous Tense

Structure:

Subject + was/were + Verb(+ing)

Example:

  1. He was reading the book.
  2. I was going to the park for morning walk.

7. Past Perfect Tense

Structure:

Subject + had + Verb (v3)

Example:

  1. I had finished my home work.
  2. He had completed his task.

8. Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Structure:

Subject + had + been + Verb(+ing)

Example:

  1.  He had been completing his assignment for the last two hours.
  2. I had been playing football since morning.

FUTURE TENSE

Future tense expresses the actions that have not happened yet OR “the actions that will likely to happen in future”. Its four types are described here.

9. Simple Future Tense

Structure:

Subject+ will/shall+ verb(v1)

Example:

  1. I shall go to the park for a walk.
  2. She will perform his duty.

10. Future Continuous Tense

Structure:

Subject + will be/shall be + verb(+ing)

Example:

  1. He will be playing football.
  2. We shall be eating the meal.

11. Future Perfect Tense

Structure:

Subject + will have + verb(v3)

Example:

  1. He will have played football.
  2. I will have completed my assignment.

12. Future Perfect Continuous Tense

Structure:

Subject + will have been + verb(+ing)

Example:

He will have been watching the football match for over fifty minutes.

PAST FUTURE TENSE

13. Past Future Tense

Structure:

Subject + would + verb (v1)

Example:

I told that I would leave in one hour.

14. Past Future Continuous Tense

Structure:

Subject + should be/would be + Verb(+ing)

Example:

I told that I would be doing my home work all the day long.

15. Past Future Perfect Tense

Structure:

Subject + should have/ would have + Verb(v3)

Example:

She said that she would have completed her assignment.

16. Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense

Structure:

Subject + would have been + Verb(+ing)

Example:

He said that I should have been working here for two hours by that time.

Read also: 12 Tenses Chart with examples

16 tenses (structure and examples)
16 tenses (structure and examples)

Download 16 Tenses in pdf