Irregular Verbs in English

What are irregular verbs?

Irregular verbs do not follow the conjugation rules. Usually, the simple past and past participle tense is not formed by adding ‘d’ or ‘ed’, or ‘ied’.

For example, go-went-gone

Some irregular verbs have same past simple(V2) and past participle(V3) forms, e.g. Bet-bet-bet

Irregular Verb List 

Irregular Verbs List

Take time to understand the difference between regular and irregular verbs. It will help you make the grammatically correct sentences. 

This is the list of irregular verbs in English. Each verb is followed by past simple and past participle.

InfinitivePast SimplePast Participle
AriseAroseArisen
BabysitBabysatBabysat
Bewas/wereBeen
BeatBeatBeaten
BendBentBent
BeginBeganBegun
BetBetBet
BindBoundBound
BiteBitBitten
BleedBledBled
BlowBlewBlown
BreakBrokeBroken
BreedBredBred
BringBroughtBrought
BuildBuiltBuilt
CatchCaughtCaught
ChooseChoeChosen
ComeCameCome
CostCostCost
CutCutCut
DealDealtDealt
DigDugDug
DoDidDone
DrawDrewDrawn
DrinkDrankDrunk
DriveDroveDriven
EatAteEaten
FallFellFallen
FeedFedFed
FeelFeltFelt
FindFoundFound
FlyFlewFlown
ForbidForbadeForbidden
ForgetForgotForgotten
ForgiveForgaveForgiven
FreezeFrozeFrozen
GetGotGotten
GiveGaveGiven
GoWentGone
GrowGrewGrown
HangHung
Hanged
Hung
Hanged
HaveHadHad
HearHeardHeard
HideHidHidden
HitHitHit
HoldHeldHeld
HurtHurtHurt
KeepKeptKept
KnowKnewKnown
LayLaidLain
LeadLedLed
LeaveLeftLeft
LendLentLent
LetLetLet
LieLayLain
LightLitLit
LoseLostLost
MakeMadeMade
MeanMeantMeant
MeetMetMet
PayPaidPaid
PutPutPut
QuitQuitQuit
ReadReadRead
RideRodeRidden
RingRangRung
RiseRoseRisen
RunRanRun
SaySaidSaid
SeeSawSeen
SendSentSent
SetSetSet
ShakeShookShaken
ShineShoneShone
ShootShotShot
ShowShowedShown
ShutShutShut
SingSangSung
SinkSankSunk
SitSatSat
SleepSleptSlept
SlideSlidSlid
SpeakSpokeSpoken
SpendSpentSpent
SpinSpunSpun
SpreadSpreadSpread
StandStoodStood
StealStoleStolen
StickStuckStuck
StingStungStung
SwearSworeSworn
SweepSweptSwept
SwimSwamSwum
TakeTookTaken
TeachTaughtTaught
TearToreTorn
TellToldTold
ThinkThoughtThought
ThrowThrewThrown
WakeUnderstoodUnderstood
WakeWokeWoken
WearWoreWorn
WinWonWon
WindWoundWound
WithdrawnWithdrewWithdrawn
WriteWroteWritten

“Hang” has two different meanings. The first is “to attach something in a high position e.g. on a wall or on a hook”. In this case we use verbs 
Hang-Hung-Hung

But when “Hang” means “to kill someone by putting a rope around someone’s neck and leaving then in a high position without any support”. In this case we use verbs 
Hang-Hanged-Hanged
This verb is typical of public executions in the past.

Lie has two meanings. When it means ” to put your body in a horizontal position (normally on a bed)”, it uses Lie-Lay-Lain
But it is regular Lie-Lied-Lied when it has other meaning of “not to say the truth”.

Read related topics:
1. Types of Verbs
2. Verb Exercises with Answers
3. Verb Moods

The following verbs can be regular or irregular.

InfinitivePast SimplePast Participle
BurnBurned
Burnt
Burned
Burnt
DreamDreamed
Dreamt
Dreamed
Dreamt
LearnLearned
Learnt
Learned
Learnt
SmellSmelled
Smelt
Smelled
Smelt

The second form (burnt, learnt, smelt) is more common in British English.

Irregular verbs in English in the present tense follow very simple rules. The only change that is made to these verbs is in the third person – for He, She or It.

If the verb ends in ‘ss’, ‘x’, ‘ch’, ‘sh’ or the letter ‘o’, we add ‘es’ in the third person. For example, 

  • Kiss : Kisses
  • Fix : Fixes
  • Watch : Watches
  • Crash : Crashes
  • Go : Goes

Irregular Verb Examples

  • A mechanic fixes cars.
  • She watches dramas every night.
  • He kisses his daughter before he goes to work

If the verb ends in a consonant + y, we remove ‘y’ and add ‘ies’ in the third person. For example,

  • Carry : Carries
  • Hurry : Hurries
  • Study : Studies
  • Deny : Denies

Example Sentences

  • She studies every night.
  • The baby cries all the time.
  • He denies all the responsibilities.

Download: Irregular Verbs pdf