What is the rule when adding ‘ing’ to a word?
The general rule when changing a verb into its -ing form is just to add -ing to the end of the verb.
- She wasn’t feeling very well.
- He is working on a new project.
- The children are sleeping so be quiet.
If the verb ends in an ‘e’ we remove ‘e’ and add -ing.
Some examples of above rule,
- People are living longer now than they were 100 years ago.
- We are making a chocolate cake.
- He was taking his time to get ready.
If the verb ends in a Consonant + Vowel + Consonant, we double the final consonant and add ‘ing’.
- The policeman is stopping the traffic.
- We are planning a surprise party for our teacher.
- I think I am getting a cold.
If a two-syllable verb ends in a Consonant + Vowel + Consonant, we do not double the final consonant when the stress is on the first syllable.
- What is happening?
- They are offering a discount.
- Many people are suffering from lack of food and water.
But, we do not double the final consonant when the verb ends in W, X, or Y or when the final syllable is not emphasized.
- He is fixing his bike.
- We are enjoying this great weather.
- It’s snowing outside.
If the verb ends in -ie we change it to -ying.
- I know you are lying to me!
- You should water your plant more because I think it is dying.
- The little boy is tying his shoelaces.
If the verb ends in Consonant + Vowel + L, we normally double the final L and add -ing.
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- I have been traveling around South America for 6 months.
- He was marveling at her beauty.
If the verb ends in a stressed Vowel+R, we double the final R and add -ing.
- Are you referring to this one or that one?
- They are thinking of deferring payment of their mortgage.
If the verb ends in an Unstressed Vowel + R, we do not double the final R and add -ing.
- I am offering you a special deal.
- He is now suffering the consequences of his actions.
- I wonder what he is whispering in her ear.