First of all, find out the LCD of all the Rational
Expressions in the given equation.

Then multiply both sides by the LCD.

Solve the equation.

Finally, check your solutions and throw out any
that make the denominator zero.

You must be emphasized on step 4 as you can never have a denominator of zero in a fraction, you have to make sure that none of your solutions make your denominator zero. Any solution that cannot be included in the solution set called “Extraneous Solutions”. If all of the solutions of a Rational Equation are extraneous then the equation would have no solution which means that there is no value for the variable that make the equation a True Statement.

Few examples of rational equations are given below: –

Example No.1:

Solve

Solution:

In
order to solve this equation, we must follow the above mentioned steps which
means that we find out the LCD. Here, LCD is 12, so, we multiply both sides by
the LCD. We get,

Now we solve the equation

Example No.2:

Solve

Solution:

In
order to solve this equation, we must follow the above mentioned steps which
means that we find out the LCD. Here, LCD is 6, so, we multiply both sides by
the LCD. We get,

Now we solve the equation

Example No.3:

Solve

Solution:

In
order to solve this equation, we must follow the above mentioned steps which
means that we find out the LCD. Here, LCD is 4x^{2}, so, we multiply
both sides by the LCD. We get,